Glue for metal to glass
I use ‘The Welder" from WalMart. It’s similar to E6000 from the craft store, only better. I’ve got pieces I glued 3-4 years ago and they are still attached, no problem. No mixing like 2 part epoxy. I think the solvent in it is xylene or toluene. You might want to read the label on what you had a reaction to so as to avoid those ingredients in whatever you buy.
A better solution is to drill holes in the glass and apply a pinch bail. Then you don’t have to rely on the glue holding, and there are no nasty glue vapors.